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The International Criminal Court (2002-2017): Balance and perspectives (DIEEEINV19-2017)

Although it is too early to assess the work of a court that was born with a vocation of permanence and universality, and despite the criticisms that his works receives (alleged tendency to persecute exclusively African criminals, possible interference in relations between States of that continent as a result of the lifting of the immunities of Heads of State and Government, incipient and insufficient development of the rights of the victims), this study concludes that, taking in account the limitations derived both from the activation mechanisms provided for in the Statute, from the interference in certain cases of the permanent members of the Security Council, and from the lack of cooperation of some States, as well as the budgetary limitations, the ICC has taken great strides towards the consolidation of international criminal law, highlighting, without a doubt, the major advances in the field of crimes of sexual violence and gender. In addition, in the medium term the ICC has the possibility of investigating nationals of great powers in situations that are currently in the preliminary examination phase and demonstrate that it is a Court with universal vocation.

Author: Juan Soroeta


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