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The relationship of the Arab kingdom with Spain & Europe (DIEEEO16-2017)

Throughout the 20th century, Saudi Arabia has become one of the main Arab-Muslim powers in the world. Its strategic geographical location, the abundance of natural resources such as gas and oil, its close relationship with the United States, or the custody over the holy places of Islam, among other factors, have contributed to position itself in the Persian Gulf country as a regional power confronting directly with the other giant in the area: Iran. Saudi Arabia and Iran wage a struggle for the regional hegemony originated with the Islamic Revolution (Iran 1979). For more than 40 years, Iran has been marginalized as the head of the so-called axis of evil, but the recent nuclear pact seems to have drawn closer ties between the United States and Iran. This agreement has put Saudi Arabia in the global spotlight for issues such as its involvement in several conflicts such as Syria and Yemen, or for the danger of radicalization of its population. However, Saudi Arabia must continue to be an ally to the West and to Spain, because of the established ties, for its economic and political potential, but also because its solo career might become a serious problem for the world security. The present paper offers a brief introduction on the Saudi kingdom, placing its strengths within the current historical and political context, and then describing the two most imminent threats facing the country: the strengthening of Iran and terrorist radicalization. Subsequently, it explores the relationship of the Arab kingdom with Spain and the opportunities it offers for Spanish industry.

Author:  Ramsi Jazmati


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The relationship of the Arab kingdom with Spain & Europe
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