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Turkey: Presidentialism, Islamism and neo-otomanism (DIEEEM05-2018)

During the first part of this work, it has been analyzed the internal politics of the regime that Erdogan, step by step, has been establishing over the last decade and a half. A regime based on Islamism that has turned a democracy more or less supervised by military and judicial power, into a presidential and personalist system.

In this second part it will be discusses how this new regime has brought about a substantial change in its foreign policy, so that if during the eight decades of Kemalism Turkey stayed away from its adjacent region of the Middle East, at present its intention is recover and replicate its influence and power that then it achieved for several centuries in the region.

At the same time, it is moving away from the West, which is causing tension with its NATO allies, and dangerously approaching other actors, even those with whom it has always maintained a turbulent and violent relationship, such as Russia.

Definitely, it is the development of its new foreign policy, the "Neo-Ottomanism" which is compatible with the ideological bases of the regime, and through which it intends to return to be a relevant actor in the territories that once belonged to the Ottoman Empire, in spite of the fact that it supposes to break with the traditional lines that have presided over its external action during the 20th century since the Kemalist Republic was established in 1923.

Author: José Antonio Albentosa Vidal


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Turkey: Presidentialism, Islamism and neo-otomanism
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